ABUDHABI

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United Arab Emirates: Statistics

Economy
GDP - purchasing power parity:
$192.6 billion (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
7.4% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity:
$37,300 (2007 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 1.8%
industry: 59.3%
services: 38.9%
Industrial production growth rate:
4.3% (2007 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
11% (2007 est.)
Labor force:
3.065 million (2007 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 7%
industry: 15%
services: 78% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
2.4% (2001)
Budget:
revenues: $58.88 billion
expenditures: $38.06 billion (2007 est.)
Exports:
$156.6 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Exports - partners:
Japan 23.4%, South Korea 10.3%, Thailand 5%, India 4.8% (2006)
Imports:
$101.6 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Imports - partners:
China 13.1%, India 10.2%, US 8.9%, Japan 6.2%, Germany 6.1%, Italy 4.7% (2006)
Debt - external:
$57.52 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
$5.36 million (2004)
Distribution Of Family Income - GINI Index:
Electricity Production:
57.06 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity Consumption:
52.62 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity Exports:
0 kWh (2005)
Electricity Imports:
0 kWh (2005)
Oil Production:
2.54 million bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil Consumption:
372,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil Exports:
2.54 million bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil Imports:
137,200 bbl/day (2004)
Oil Proved Reserves:
97.8 billion bbl (2007 est.)
Natural Gas Production:
45.07 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Natural Gas Consumption:
39.56 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Natural Gas Exports:
6.848 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Natural Gas Imports:
1.343 billion cu m (2005)
Natural Gas Proved Reserves:
5.823 trillion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
People
Population:
4,621,399 (July 2008 est.)
Population growth rate:
3.833% (2008 est.)
Population Below Poverty Line:
19.5% (2003)
Infant mortality rate:
13.11 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 75.89 years
male: 73.35 years
female: 78.56 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate:
2.43 children born/woman (2008 est.)
Ethnic groups:
Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)
note: less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982)
Nationality:
noun: Emirati(s)
adjective: Emirati
Religions:
Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), other (includes Christian, Hindu) 4%
Languages:
Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
Literacy:
total population: 77.9%
male: 76.1%
female: 81.7% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - Adult Prevalence Rate:
0.18% (2001 est.)
Geography
Location:
Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Area:
total: 83,600 sq km
land: 83,600 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Land boundaries:
total: 867 km
border countries: Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km
Coastline:
1,318 km
Climate:
desert; cooler in eastern mountains
Terrain:
flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m
Environment - International Agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
International Organization Participation:
ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Technology
Telephones:
1.31 million (2006)
Cellular Telephones:
7.595 million (2007)
Internet Country Code:
.ae
Internet Hosts:
6,001 (2007)
Internet Users:
1.709 million (2006)
Railways:
Highways:
1,088 km (1999)
Airports:
39 (2007)

Sources:
CIA World Factbook 2008,
U.S. Dept. of State Country Background Notes (Source Date: 10/06)

 

United Arab Emirates: Economy

Prior to the first exports of oil in 1962, the U.A.E. economy was dominated by pearl production, fishing, agriculture, and herding. Since the rise of oil prices in 1973, however, petroleum has dominated the economy, accounting for most of its export earnings and providing significant opportunities for investment. The U.A.E. has huge proven oil reserves, estimated at 98.8 billion barrels in 2003, with gas reserves estimated at (212 trillion cubic feet); at present production rates, these supplies would last well over 150 years. In 2006, the U.A.E. produced about 2.8 million barrels of oil per day.

Major increases in imports occurred in manufactured goods, machinery, and transportation equipment, which together accounted for 70% of total imports. Another important foreign exchange earner, the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority--which controls the investments of Abu Dhabi, the wealthiest emirate--manages an estimated $600 billion in overseas investments.

More than 6,000 companies from more than 120 countries operate at the Jebel Ali complex in Dubai, which includes a deep-water port and a free trade zone for manufacturing and distribution in which all goods for re-export or transshipment enjoy a 100% duty exemption. A major power plant with associated water desalination units, an aluminum smelter, and a steel fabrication unit are prominent facilities near the complex.

Except in the free trade zone, the U.A.E. requires at least 51% local citizen ownership in all businesses operating in the country as part of its attempt to place Emiratis into leadership positions.

As a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), the U.A.E. participates in a wide range of GCC activities that focus on economic issues. These include regular consultations and development of common policies covering trade, investment, banking and finance, transportation, telecommunications, and other technical areas, including protection of intellectual property rights.

 

Sources:
CIA World Factbook (September 2008)
U.S. Dept. of State Country Background Notes (June 2007)

 
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